The cities will be ranked based on 71 sanitation-related parameters, which have been assigned different weightages, according to reports. The cumulative marks will be 4,000, while the 2017 survey awarded scores out of a total of 2,000 marks.
Negative marking introduced
As reported earlier, a negative marking clause has been introduced this time to ensure that cities do not make false claims about improvement in their sanitation infrastructure. If the claims of a city government about any parameter are found to be incorrect by independent assessors, it will get zero marks for that parameter. Also, it will face punitive action in the form of 33 per cent negative marking on the total marks obtained.
Agency reports cited Housing and Urban Affairs Secretary Durga Shanker Mishra to highlight the changes in assessment weightages. Mishra said that the weightage for ‘citizen feedback’ has been increased to 35 per cent in the 2018 survey from 30 per cent in the last one.
Similarly, the weightage for ‘direct observation’ has also been increased to 30 per cent from 25 per cent in the previous survey. While the weightage for ‘service level progress’ has been reduced from 45 per cent to 35 per cent, the weightage for the ‘processing and disposal’ component has been increased from 20 per cent to 25 per cent.
The weightage for the ‘open-defecation free’ component remains unchanged at 30 per cent, while the weightages for the ‘information, education and communication (IEC)’ and ‘capacity-building’ components remain the same at five per cent each.
The weightage for the ‘collection and transportation’ component has been reduced from 40 per cent to 30 per cent.
Last but not the least, a new element of ‘innovation’ has been introduced with a weightage of five per cent to encourage cities to take up innovative sanitation practices and solutions.
Expansion in scope
Further, as reported earlier, the 2018 survey is the first such pan-India exercise and is the largest in the world. According to HT, the 2018 survey will cover 400 million people.
The cleanliness survey was launched in 2016 as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission.
Under the first survey, the ‘Swachh Survekshan-2016’, 73 cities with a population of over 1 million people and all the state capitals were ranked. Mysuru had topped the list.